Alexander Sliussarev

Alexander Sliussarev (1944-2010, Moscow) was a Moscow photographer. Got engaged in this practice at the age of 14, when got his first camera — “Junnost” (rus. for Youth). As a teenager, showed his works at the workshops organised by Sovetskoe Foto magazine, where he was adviced to go to the photographic department of the Committee of Youth Organisations, which had been established before the 6th World Festival of Youth and Students. He participated in his first exhibition — “Our Youth” — when he was 18. The same year, in 1962, his works were published for the first time in Sovetskoe Foto, in its March issue. He studied Italian at Maurice Thorez Moscow State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages and consequently worked as a translator.

He first came into the limelight at the exhibition during Dzintarzeme (Amber Land) festival in Orge, Latvia. It brought Sliussarev a recognition of one of the central figures of Moscow photography. In 1970s was a part of the Group of Four (“Група чотирьох”, sometimes also mentioned under the Lithuanian translation of the title — “Keturi”), founded together with photographers from Chernivtsi — Boris Savelev, Vyacheslav Tarnovetsky, Sergei Lopatiuk. In 1987 he joined another group — “Direct Photography” (Непосредственная фотография), where Boris Mikhailov, Alexey Shulgin, Igor Mukhin, Vladislav Efimov, Ilya Piganov and Sergey Leontiev. Apart from the work of a translator, taught Italian. Fully dedicated himself to photography since 1992.

Created a recognizable style of shooting, which combined mundane subjects — daily things, textures or cityscapes — with monumental, laconic compositions, which invested trivial object situations wih specific visual significance. The very desire to underline the orderliness, harmony of contemplating insignificant things prompted the author to choose the square format for his works from 1970s-1980s, taken with his medium format camera Rolleiflex Automat 6×6. Accentuating the formal aspect of a shot (by nuancing textures, lights and shadows, rhythms of lines) amplified the dualistic nature of photography, in which a photographed object “turns into a symbol of itself and along with that preserves its direct meaning”[1]. The created gap results in visual and semantic tension, which Sliussarev called “metaphysical photography”.

Sliussarev visited Kharkiv several times — he was acquainted with numerous local authors, like Boris Mikhailov, Anatoliy Makienko, Jury Rupin, Igor Manko, Oleg Maliovany. They admired Sliussarev’s talent for immaculate construction of frame: on the pages of his Viscidity series (1982) Mikhailov characterizes him as “amazing photo-composer”.

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1.  Mikhail Sidlin, “Hinting at Reality: Aleksandr Slysarev with Mikhail Sidlin”, у Beyond Memory: Soviet Nonconformist Photography and Photo-Related Works of Art (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2004), 298.

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Portrait of the artist — Oleg Maliovany, from Dawn till Dusk series, 1992. Collection of the MOSKOP.

Solo exhibitions:

1979—1980 — as a part of “Dzintarzeme” (“Amber Land”) festival, Orge, Riga, Latvian SSR, Tallinn, Estonian SSR, Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR

1980 — Distance Education People’s Institute of Arts, Moscow, RSFSSR

1983 — Sovetskoe Foto editiorial board, Moscow, RSFSSR

1984 — Krasnogorsk, RFSSR

1987 — Moscow, RFSSR

1987 —  as a part of Mari Photofestival, Yoshkar-Ola, RSFSSR

1990 — Aix-en-Provence, France

1991 —  Amsterdam, Natherlands

1994 — Central House of Artist, Moscow, Russia

1995 — Fotogalerie, Berlin, Germany

1995 — “Волга” gallery, Kazan, Russia

1995 — PhotoClub, Yoshkar-Ola, Russia

2001 — “поСЛЕДСТВИЯ / conSEQUENCES”, Moscow House of Photography, Moscow, Russia

2004 — as a part of “Классики Российской фотографии” programme, Moscow House of Photography, Moscow, Russia

2005 — “Впечатления / Impressions” (together with Edige Niyazov), “Улар” gallery, Almaty, Kazakhstan

2006 — “Александр Слюсарев. 1980-е годы / Alexander Sliussarev. 1980s”, “Фотосоюз” gallery of the Union of Photographers of Russia, Moscow, Russia

2006 — “Александр Слюсарев, Трансдекаданс / Alexander Sliussarev, Transdecadance”, “ГЛАЗ” photogallery, Moscow, Russia

2007 — “Александр Слюсарев, Всякая всячина / Alexander Sliussarev, Miscellaneous”, фотогалерея “ГЛАЗ”, Москва, Росія

2009 — “Ложная магия ч/б / Fake magic of b/w”, Museum exposition centre “Росфото”, Saint Petersburg, Russia

2009-2010 — “Одна карта, два маршрута. Аман Гельд/Александр Слюсарев / One map, two routes. Aman Geld / Alexander Sliussarev”, Perm Museum of Contemporary Art “PERMM”, Perm, as a part of “Фотобиеннале-2010” , Schusev State Museum of Architecture, Moscow, Russia (curator — Marat Guelman)

2009 — Omsk Regional M.Vrubel Art Museum, Omsk, Russia

2010 — “Проходя мимо / Passing by”, Vasnetsovs Vyatskiy Art Museum, Kirov, Russia

2010 — “Слюсарев / Sliussarev”, “Меглинская” gallery, WINZAVOD Contemporary Art Center, Moscow, Russia

2011 — “Пространство-Время / Space-Time”, Latvian National Art Museum, Riga, Latvia

2011 — “В формате / In Format” and “Межсезонье / Off-season”, as a part of “Photovisa” festival, Rostov Regional Fine Art Museum and CreativeSpacePRO, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

2011 — “А. Слюсарев. Ретроспектива / A. Sliussarev. Retrospective”, as a part of Baltic Biennale of Photography, Kaliningrad Art Gallery, Kaliningrad, Russia

2012 — “Александр Слюсарев: Ретроспектива. Часть 1 / A. Sliussarev. Retrospective. Part 1”, Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, Moscow, Russia

2013 — “Nikolai Bakharev, Alexander Slussarev”, as a part of Les Rencontres d’Arles festival, Arles, France

2014 — “Фотографическое эссе / Photographic Essay”, Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, Moscow, Russia

2016 — “Весна. Лето. Осень / Spring. Summer. Autumn”, Gubakha Municipal Museum of Local Lore, Gubakha, Russia

2016 — personal show as a part of “Innervisions” festival, Erarta Museum of Contemporary Art, Saint Petersburg, Museum of Fine Art, Tyumen, as a part of “Фотофест-2016”, House of Architect, Chelyabinsk, Exposition Hall of G. Chernoskutov, Volzhskiy, Russia, National Centre for Contemporary Arts of the Republic of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus (curator — Yulia Rodina)

2018 — “Весна. Літо. Осінь / Spring. Summer. Autumn”, Voronezh Centre for Contemporary Art, Voronezh. Russia

2019 — show as a part of the artist’s commemorative evening, “Fili Hall” in Fili park, Moscow, Russia

2020 — “Геометрия света / Geometry of Light”, Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow, Moscow, Russia

 

 

Групові виставки:

1962 — “Наша молодость / Our Youth”, Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure, Moscow, RFSSR

1964 — “Наша молодость / Our Youth”, Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure, Moscow, RSFSSR

1978 — “Keturi”, Photography Museum, Šiauliai, Lithuanian SSR

1988 — Interunion House of Amateur Arts, Chebokrsary, RSFSSR

1989 — “150 лет фотографии / 150 Years of Photography”, Manezh Central Exhibition Hall, Moscow, RSFSSR

1990 — “Eroosio: 1980-luvun käsitteellistä kuvataidetta ja valokuvaa Neuvostoliitosta”, Amos Anderson Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland

1994 — “Искусство современной фотографии: Россия, Украина, Белоруссия / Art of Contemporary Photography: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus”, Central House of Artist, Moscow, Russia (curator — Evgeny Berezner)

2004 — “History of Russian Photography”, Anahita gallery, Santa-Fe, New Mexico, USA

2004 — “Beyond Memory, Soviet Nonconformist Photography”, Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

2005 — “Russia!  From Underground Photography to the Super Contemporary”, Anahita gallery, Santa-Fe, New Mexico, USA

2005 — “The City I live In”, National Foundation for Modern Art, Liege, Beligum

2010 — “Four Perspectives Through the Lens: Soviet Art Photography in the 1970s-1980s”, Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

2010 — “Метафизическая фотография / Metaphysical Photography”, “Фотоцентр”, Moscow, Russia

2012 — “Современная фотография из коллекции РОСФОТО / Contemporary photography from the collection of ROSPHOTO”, State Russian Museum and Exhibition Centre “ROSPHOTO”, Saint Petersburg, Russia (curator — Igor Lebedev)

2012 — “Форпост русской фотографии / Forepost of Russian Photography”, Museum of Russian Photography, Kolomna, Russia

2015 — “New Arrivals: Late 20th-Century Photographs from Russia & Belarus”, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (curator — Rena Hoisington)

2015 — “Група ‘Чотирьох’ / The Group of Four”, “Sweet АРТ-Знання” gallery, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

2015 — “Опыт свободы: Творческое объединение Эрмитаж 1986-1988 / Experience of Freedom: Hermitage Art Group 1986-1988”, “Беляево” gallery, Moscow, Russia (curator — Leonid Bazhanov)

2017 — “15 лет. Открытая коллекция / 15 Years”, State Russian Museum and Exhibition Centre “ROSPHOTO”, Saint Petersburg, Russia

2021 — “Москва. Прошлое/настоящее / Moscow. Past/Present”, State Russian Museum and Exhibition Centre “ROSIZO”, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Publications

Changing Focus — A Collection of Russian and Eastern European Contemporary Photography. Лондон: Sotheby’s, 2013. 

Erosion/Эрозия. Soviet Conceptual Art and Photography of the 1980s. Helsinki: Amos Anderson Art Museum Publications, 1990: 78–123. Published on the occasion of Eroosio: 1980-luvun käsitteellistä kuvataidetta ja valokuvaa Neuvostoliitosta exhibition at Amos Anderson Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland.

Eskola, Taneli & Eerikäinen, Hannu. Toisinnakiat: Uusi valokuva Neuvostoliitossa. Helsinki: SN-Kirjiat Publishing, 1988.

KETURI: група “Чотирьох” — з Чернівців. Чернівці, 2017. Published on the occasion of Група ‘Чотирьох’  exhibition at “Sweet АРТ-Знання” gallery, Chernivtsi, Ukrain. https://issuu.com/alexandersushinsky/docs/catalog_savelev_002

Mrázková, Daniela and Vladimír Remeš. Another Russia: through the eyes of the new Soviet photographers. New York: Facts on File, Incorporated, 1986. 

Neumaier, Diane. “Contemporary Russian Art Photography”. Art Journal, no. 2 (1994): 18-21.

Panenko, Svitlana. “Towards Critical Realism: Marginality in Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian Photography (1980s–1990s)”. PhD diss., University of Alberta, 2018.

“Photographic projects”. Art Journal, no. 2 (1994): 7-16.

Sidlin, Mikhail. “Hinting at Reality: Aleksandr Slysarev with Mikhail Sidlin”. У Beyond Memory: Soviet Nonconformist Photography and Photo-Related Works of Art. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2004. 

Spuris, Egons. Fotografijas Aleksandra Slusareva (Moskava). Ogre, 1979. Published on the occasion of the solo show during “Dzintarzeme” (Amber Land) festival, Orge, Riga, Latvia SSR.

Ursitti, ChristopherJoseph Walker and Paul McGinniss. Photo Manifesto: Contemporary Photography in the USSR. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1991.

Vikujlina, Jekaterina. “Aleksandra Slusareva mefiziska fotografija””. Foto Kvartals, no. 24 (2010): 24-29. https://issuu.com/fotokvartals/docs/foto_kvartals_no.24.

Аксенов, Владислав [Aksenov, Vladislav]. “Метафизическая фотография А.А. Слюсарева: знаки и признаки (к постановке проблемы)”. Фотожурнал, 2012. http://photo-element.ru/analysis/slyusarev/slyusarev.html

Бавильский, Дмитрий [Bavilskiy, Dmitriy]. “Александр Слюсарев: ‘Я говорю о простых и понятных вещах’”. Частный корреспондент, April 23, 2010. http://www.chaskor.ru/article/aleksandr_slyusarev_ya_govoryu_o_prostyh_i_ponyatnyh_veshchah_12781.

Бернар-Ковальчук, Надія [Bernard-Kovalchuk, Nadiia]. Харківська школа фотографії: гра проти апарату. Kharkiv: MOKSOP, 2020.

Викторова, Л. [Viktorova, L.]. “О языке фотографии”. Советское фото, no. 06 (1988): 32.

Викулина, Екатерина [Vikulina, Ekaterina]. “Александр Слюсарев (9 октября 1944 — 23 апреля 2010): Рассуждения о фотографии и не только”. Photographer.ru, April 23, 2011. https://www.photographer.ru/cult/person/5174.htm.

Зеленцов, Юрий [Zelenczov, Yurij]. “Беседа с Александром Слюсаревым”. Художественная фотография, September 6, 2007. http://photo.picart.ru/050050050.html.

“Зеркало, журнал 1986–1989”. РОСФОТО, November 23, 2017. https://rosphoto.org/visit-online/virtual-exhibitions/fotoklub-zerkalo-posle-skazannogo/zerkalo-zhurnal-1986-1989/.

Метафизическая фотография: обозначение жанра. N.p., 2018. https://issuu.com/41861/docs/___________________________________.

Молокова, Мария и Галина Кукенко [Molokova, Mariya and Galina Kukenko]. “Непосредственная фотография: от объединения к мастерской”. Школа Родченко, November 21, 2019. https://era.library.ualberta.ca/items/40721097-af89-491b-ad47-c6c2ae7364f0/view/4122ec76-74bc-49e7-82cd-c6a01335995a/Panenko_Svitlana_201804_PhD.pdf.

Раппапорт, Александр [Rappaport, Aleksandr]. “Время и предмет. Фотографии А. Слюсарева”. Советское фото, no. 7 (1987): 24.

Романов, Георгий [Romanov, Georgij]. “Под магией: Александр Слюсарев”. Georgiy Romanov photographeron the street, 16 жовтня 2017. https://grphotography.ru/?p=1174.

Рупин, Юрий [Rupin, Jury]. Дневник фотографа. 2007. http://samlib.ru/r/rupin_j_k/dnevnik_fotografa-2.shtml.

Свиблова, Ольга [Sviblova, Olga]. The Russian Vision on Europe. Москва: Новости, 2005.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Взгляд со стороны”. Советское фото, no. 02 (1994): 10-13.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Двое в одной лодке”. Советское фото, no. 02 (1990): 26-29.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Жизнь вокруг Андрейса Грантса”. Советское фото, no. 04 (1990): 16-19.

Слюсарев, Александр. “Зилант — трио из Казани”. Советское фото, no. 07-08 (1993): 8-13.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Не переигрывая”. Советское фото, no. 04 (1990): 16-19.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “О влияниях и ситуациях”. Советское фото, no. 10 (1990): 24.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “От смыслового содержания к визуальному”. Фотография, no. 03 (1997): 20-23.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Реконструкция”. Ретикуляция, no. 02 (1995): 2-3.

Слюсарев, Александр [Sliussarev, Alexander]. “Сюжеты старого города”. Советское фото, no. 01 (1989): 22-23.

Стигнеев, Валерий и Александр Липков [Stigneev, Valerij and Aleksandr Lipkov]. Мир фотографии. Москва: Планета, 1989.

Стигнеев, Валерий и Михалкович Валентин. Поэтика фотографии. Москва: Искусство, 1989.

Чмырева, Ирина [Chmyreva, Irina]. “Слюсарев и традиции абстрактной фотографии ХХ века”. October 14, 2017. CreativeSpace.PRO, Rosotv-on-Don, Russia, video, 20:01. https://youtu.be/fdFmX5AYU04

Штейнер, Арсений [Shtejner, Arsenij]. “Сан Саныч”.  ART-хроника, June 1 2010. http://artchronika.ru/gorod/in-memoriam-%D1%81%D0%BB%D1%8E%D1%81%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2/.

Artworks:

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